What are the rights and responsibilities of permanent residents of Canada?

Permanent residency is a status granted by Canada through one of different immigration processes. Permanent residents of Canada remain citizens of other countries. They are not Canadian citizens.

Refugees who come to Canada through a resettlement program (Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program or Government-Assisted Refugees Program) become permanent residents when they arrive in Canada. Therefore, they have the same rights and duties as any other permanent resident of Canada. 

What are the rights of permanent residents? 

Permanent residents have the right to : 

Because they are not Canadian citizens, they cannot : 

  • vote or run for political office
  • hold some jobs that need a high-level security clearance

What are the responsibilities of permanent residents?

Permanent residents must : 

  • respect all Canadian laws at the federal, provincial and municipal levels
  • pay taxes

Residency obligation : In order to keep their permanent resident status, they need to be in Canada for at least 730 days during a period of five years. The 730 days don’t need to be continuous. 

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