What are the differences between the types of sponsorship categories?
Government-assisted refugees (GARs) are supported directly by the Government of Canada for the duration of their sponsorship. Canada funds organizations as part of the Resettlement Assistance Program (RAP) to provide immediate and essential support services to refugees on their arrival in Canada to help them settle and integrate into life in Canada.
Blended Visa Office-Referred (BVOR) program refugees are referred directly by the UNHCR. The Government of Canada and the Private Sponsors share the financial support, and private sponsors provide up to a year of social and emotional support. Refugees are also covered under the Interim Federal Health Program (IFHP) for the duration of the sponsorship, in addition to provincial health coverage.
In the Joint Assistance Sponsorship (JAS) program, the Government of Canada sometimes partners with organizations to resettle refugees with special needs who may require more support than other refugees to settle into Canada. These special needs may arise due to trauma from violence or torture, medical disabilities, the effects of systemic discrimination, and/or a large number of family members.
The Rainbow Refugee Assistance Partnership (RRAP) is specifically designed to resettle refugees who identify as LGBTQIA+ fleeing violence and persecution. The Government of Canada funds start-up costs and three months of financial support. The sponsoring group covers the remaining nine months of financial support and provides community/social support for the duration of the entire sponsorship process.
With Privately Sponsored Refugees, sponsors provide financial and emotional support for the refugees for the duration of the sponsorship. This includes help with housing, clothing, and food.
For more information
- What are the different refugee resettlement programs? - You can read this article from WelcomeOntario to learn more.
- Different Streams to be a private sponsor - An article from WelcomeOntario describing the different streams of the Private Sponsorship of Refugee (PSR) program.